Forest management certification can be complemented by chain-of-custody certification. This is the verification of an accounting process that traces raw materials from certified forests and other sources. The chain might run from the forest to the first mill, or from the forest through all stages of production right to the end consumer.
A certification system’s chain of custody provides:
In Canada, there are three major, credible certification standards used that provide forest certification as well as chain-of-custody certification and product labelling
At the international level there are two umbrella programs, FSC and the Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification schemes (PEFC), that endorse or accredit national and regional forest certification programs as meeting widely accepted international principles for good forest management. In Canada SFI and CSA have been endorsed by PEFC, and the CSA program uses the PEFC international chain of custody standard. FSC Canada’s regional standards are accredited by FSC International